Download e-book for kindle: Women Pioneers of Medical Research: Biographies of 25 by King-Thom Chung

By King-Thom Chung

whereas such a lot laymen might realize Florence Nightingale because the founding father of smooth nursing, it’s uncertain they can likewise determine Louise Pearce as one of many basic researchers within the medication for African sound asleep disorder or Anna W. Williams because the discoverer of the diphtheria antitoxin. This ebook profiles 25 ladies who've made major contributions to clinical learn, together with woman Mary Wortley Montagu, Lydia Folger Fowler, Virginia Apgar, and Rosalind Franklin, between others. every one profile contains a common advent and covers the woman’s youth or relatives heritage, her formal schooling, her most beneficial contributions to the sector, and the real occasions or individuals which inspired her lifestyles and career.

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Read e-book online Benjamin Banneker: Surveyor, Astronomer, Publisher, Patriot PDF

By Charles A. Cerami

The first biography of a big determine in early US and African American history

A loved ones identify and exceptional hero respected in each African American loved ones, Benjamin Banneker was once a very self-taught mathematical genius who accomplished expert prestige in astronomy, navigation, and engineering. His said services and more advantageous surveying talents resulted in his function as coworker with the Founding Fathers in making plans our nation’s capitol, Washington, DC. His annual Banneker’s Almanac used to be the 1st written through a black and outsold the main festival. additionally, he was once a vocal strength within the struggle for the abolition of slavery. but, regardless of his accomplishments, there was no biography of this crucial man—until now. Written by way of an writer with robust ties around the Washington-Maryland-Virginia region the place abolitionist societies respected Banneker, this lengthy past due biography eventually supplies the well-merited consciousness this sought after hero and his accomplishments deserve.

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Get Polaris: The Chief Scientist's Recollections of the American PDF

By Emil Bessels,William Barr

Emil Bessels was once leader scientist and clinical officer on George Francis Hall's ill-fated American North Pole day trip of 1871-73 on board the send Polaris. Bessels' e-book, translated from the German in its entirety for the 1st time, is one among merely first-hand debts of the voyage, and it's the in basic terms first-hand account of the studies of the gang which stayed with the send after it ran afoul of arctic ice, leaving a few of its workforce stranded on an ice floe. Bessels and the others spent a moment iciness on shore in Northwest Greenland, the place the drifting, disabled send ran aground. corridor died suspiciously throughout the first wintry weather, and Bessels is greatly suspected of getting poisoned him. invoice Barr has exposed new proof of a potential rationale.

Polaris contains huge aspect which doesn't look somewhere else. it's the simply account of the day trip along with wealthy medical information regarding anthropology, geology, wildlife. It offers even more details than different bills at the Greenland settlements Polaris visited on her means north. Bessels' is the one released first-hand account of the second one wintering of a part of the ship's supplement on shore at Polaris condo, close to Littleton Island, and of that party's try out at vacationing south by means of boat till picked up through the Scottish whaler Ravenscraig. an analogous applies to the cruise aboard the whaler, Arctic, after Bessels and his partners transferred to that ship.

Essential analyzing for researchers and scholars of arctic exploration background, this publication can also be a compelling learn for the common reader.

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Erasmus Darwin: A Life of Unequalled Achievement - download pdf or read online

By Desmond King-Hele

it's been stated of Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) that nobody from his day to ours has ever rivalled him in his achievements in one of these wide variety of fields. He was once a far-sighted medical genius, fertile in thought and invention, and one of many ideal physicians of his time. His reward for friendship enabled him to recruit the individuals of the Lunar Society of Birmingham that's frequently noticeable because the major highbrow powerhouse of the commercial Revolution in England. He was once specially as regards to Franklin, Wedgwood, Boulton and Watt. in the direction of the tip of his lifestyles he received reputation because the major English poet within the state, and he deeply motivated Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge and Shelley. the main awesome of Darwin's many abilities used to be his awesome medical perception in physics, chemistry, geology, meteorology and all elements of biology -- his private perception being his evolutionary thought of existence. of his books, the Zoonomia, which made him well-known because the prime clinical brain of the 1790s, and The Temple of Nature, an extended poem, express that he believed existence constructed from microscopic specks in primeval seas via fishes and amphibians to 'humankind'. yet he did not persuade the area approximately organic evolution: that used to be left to his grandson Charles. Erasmus was once the 1st individual to offer a whole description of ways clouds shape and of photosynthesis in crops. He used to be additionally an obsessive inventor of mechanical units, between them a talking desktop, a copying laptop and the guidance strategy utilized in sleek autos. big donations of Darwin relatives papers lately to the Cambridge collage Library, together with over a hundred and seventy letters written via Erasmus Darwin himself, have made it attainable for the writer to inform a lot of the mesmerizing tale of his existence in Erasmus' personal phrases. Desmond King-Hele, who's the best authority on Erasmus Darwin having studied his existence and paintings for 3 many years, is a mathematician and physicist who's knowledgeable on house learn by means of satellite tv for pc, specifically at the Earth's gravity box and the higher surroundings. W.F. Bynum in Nature: ‘To most folks who've heard of him, Erasmus Darwin used to be a winning health professional, undesirable poet and, most importantly, the grandfather of Charles Darwin. during this superb e-book, Desmond King-Hele seeks to opposite the judgement and argue that Charles may still otherwise be remembered as Erasmus’s grandson...[that] Erasmus used to be a lot the brighter spark, a genius of infrequent qualities...Few clinical lives have ever been so conscientiously and thoughtfully tested. There aren't any ultimate phrases in background, yet this can be a biography for which the note definitive should be aptly applied.’ Patricia Fara in occasions larger academic complement: ‘Instead of being brushed aside because the whimsical writer of ‘a extraordinary story of gaudily dressed characters engrossed in a number of different types of polygamy’, [he] is now well-known as an influential writer and an incredible guy of technology who made important contributions to the early levels of English industrialization...A relocating and amply researched narrative of a guy who for [the writer] has received a heroic stature...’ selection: ‘...King-Hele’s just right biography of Charles Darwin’s grandfather...’

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New PDF release: Walter Benjamin: Ein philosophisches Porträt (German

By Eli Friedlander,Christa Krüger

Walter Benjamin wird oft als Kulturkritiker angesehen, dessen überwältigendes Aufgebot an herausragenden und eigenwilligen Werken nicht viel mehr zusammenhält als der Eindruck, sie trügen den Stempel seines nicht weiter zu spezifizierenden „Genius“. In Eli Friedlanders Darstellung ist Benjamins OEuvre ein einzigartiges kohärentes philosophisches process, das fest in der philosophischen Denktradition verankert ist.
Friedlander findet bereits in Benjamins Frühwerk die Grundgedanken vorformuliert, die für die unterschiedlichen Schichten seines philosophischen Vorhabens charakteristisch sind. Er führt den Leser von da aus zu Benjamins Überlegungen zum „dialektischen Bild“, einem Schlüsselbegriff des Passagenwerks, zur Natur der Sprache, der Beziehung zwischen Schönheit und Wahrheit, der „Verkörperung von Ideen“, zu Traum und geschichtlichem Erwachen, zum Verhältnis von Mythos und Geschichte sowie dem, was once Benjamin „Nachleben“ und „Verwirklichung der Bedeutung“ nennt. Diese Ideen werden sowohl systematisch aus sich selbst heraus wie auch in Bezug auf Schlüsselgestalten der Philosophiegeschichte untersucht. Im Zentrum steht das Passagenwerk. Friedlander begreift dieses unvollendete Werk als die zentrale Bühne, auf der die früheren philosophischen Grundgedanken ihren Auftritt haben.

„Friedlanders klare Darstellung bringt zum ersten Mal die konzeptionelle Einheit, Tiefe und Originalität von Benjamins philosophischem Denken ans Licht.“
David E. Wellbery

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Download PDF by Umberto Veronesi: Il mestiere di uomo (Frontiere Einaudi) (Italian Edition)

By Umberto Veronesi

«La mia è una vita lunga, che inizia nel 1925, l'epoca del delitto Matteotti. Una vita in cui ogni giorno, da quando sono sopravvissuto allo scoppio di una mina, mi chiedo perché e in step with che cosa sono vivo. O, in step with dirla con Marco Aurelio, qual è il mio mestiere di uomo».

***

Ci sono confini dell'esistenza, e del pensiero, che l'uomo tocca e inizia a conoscere, prima di scegliere l. a. through da percorrere. Si può decidere di attraversarli, in step with passare oltre, o di accettarli, according to sentirli propri. Nella sua vita, Umberto Veronesi ha attraversato tanti di questi confini. Li ha indagati nella sua lunga esperienza di medico, li ha studiati come scienziato, ma soprattutto li ha scandagliati con curiosità di uomo. Non si è mai tirato indietro di fronte a interrogativi grandi o piccoli, ponendosi sempre altre domande, spesso le piú difficili, senza mai accontentarsi di una prima, magari piú semplice, risposta. Molte sono le lotte di pensiero nate da questa esperienza, numerosi gli argomenti coinvolti: il tramonto della fede, l'inutilità del dolore, los angeles libertà e il diritto di autodeterminazione (dal testamento biologico all'eutanasia) e di procreazione (la fecondazione assistita, los angeles pillola RU e gli anticoncezionali), los angeles liberalizzazione delle droghe, los angeles ricerca di una giustizia senza vendetta (dall'impegno contro l. a. pena di morte alla riflessione sull'ergastolo), l'amore universale, i diritti degli animali, il vegetarianesimo, il consumo sostenibile e lo sradicamento di ogni forma di superstizione. E molte, moltissime, sono le storie e le persone che sono questi temi. Attraverso don Giovanni, il curato di campagna di cui Veronesi period il piú affezionato chierichetto, o l'uomo ombra che gli scrive dal carcere lunghe lettere filosofiche, o Mina e Piergiorgio Welby, o l. a. prima Nazionale senza filtro fumata da ragazzo, o gli animali della cascina dell'infanzia o los angeles casa «stregata» di Mammoli, o l'esperienza della guerra, o le pazienti incontrate durante l. a. sua lunga carriera, Veronesi traccia los angeles mappa dell'impegno di un uomo. L'impegno di un laico, o meglio di un agnostico che proprio perché story non può smettere mai di interrogarsi sui dogmi e le regole che ci vengono trasmessi e magari trasgredirli se ci sembrano inadeguati e ingiusti.

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Read e-book online Adele Marion Fielde: Feminist, Social Activist, Scientist PDF

By Leonard Warren

Adele Marion Fielde, born in 1839, used to be a instructor, an evangelist, a social activist, scientist, lexicographer, author and lecturer. As an American missionary in China, she turned a neighborhood instructor and evangelist, suffering to reconcile her Baptist upbringing along with her stressed mind. As an lively social activist, she used to be an immense determine within the suffragist stream, the abolition of the slave exchange and the founding of 2 hospitals. As a scientist she carried out seminal examine that is nonetheless mentioned and studied today.
This booklet presents an in-depth biographical learn of the lifetime of this awesome girl, exploring her effect on her modern society, and her abiding impression at the clinical and educational groups to the current day.
The writer examines the social and spiritual constraints on Fielde's lifestyles and paintings and discusses her efforts to go beyond those throughout the development of a private approach of trust which emphasised the significance of assisting others. He demonstrates how, as a lady of mammoth strength and highbrow skill, she used to be in a position to impact the clinical and political groups regardless of their winning detrimental angle in the direction of women.
Adele Marion Fielde might be of important curiosity to students curious about the learn of gender and the historical past of science.

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Kevin Donnelly's Adolphe Quetelet, Social Physics and the Average Men of PDF

By Kevin Donnelly

Adolphe Quetelet was once an influential astronomer and statistician whose debatable paintings encouraged heated debate in ecu and American highbrow circles. In making a technology designed to provide an explanation for the “average man,” he helped give a contribution to the belief of standard, so much enduringly in his construction of the Quetelet Index, which got here to be referred to as the physique Mass Index.  Kevin Donnelly provides the 1st scholarly biography of Quetelet, exploring his contribution to quantitative reasoning, his position in nineteenth-century highbrow background, and his profound effect at the glossy notion of average.

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Rudolf Virchow: Der große Arzt und Politiker (German by Manfred Vasold PDF

By Manfred Vasold

Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) struggle nicht nur einer der Begründer der medizinischen Wissenschaft, sondern er setzte sich auch immer wieder für Reformen im Gesundheitswesen ein. Er warfare Mitbegründer der liberalen Fortschrittspartei und als Mitglied des preußischen Abgeordnetenhauses einer der schärfsten Widersacher Bismarcks.
Eine von Manfred Vasold spannend erzählte Biographie und zugleich eine Sozialgeschichte Deutschlands im 19. Jahrhundert.
(Dieser textual content bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

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Read e-book online Grenzgänger: Österreichische Pioniere zwischen Triumph und PDF

By Alwin Schönberger,Brigitte Ederer

Dieses Buch holt österreichische Erfinder und Forscher vor den Vorhang, insbesondere die einer breiten Öffentlichkeit so intestine wie unbekannten: zum Beispiel Oleh Hornykiewicz, einen Wiener Hirnforscher, der die wahren Ursachen von Parkinson entschlüsselte - und auf dessen Forschungen die heutigen Therapien beruhen. Oder Wilhelm Kreß: Er schaffte beinahe den weltweit ersten bemannten Motorflug. Allerdings stürzte seine Maschine 1901 in den Wienerwaldsee, weil sie zu schwer struggle. Nur zwei Jahre später gelang den Gebrüdern Wright das Kunststück des Fliegens. Oder die Kernphysikerin Marietta Blau, die mehrfach knapp am Nobelpreis vorbeischrammte. Genauso wie Friedrich Hasenöhrl, der eine Formel ersann, die quickly an Albert Einsteins berühmte Gleichung E=mc2 heranreichte. Nur conflict sie nicht ganz so dependent. Oder Eduard Suess, der Erfinder der Hochquellwasserleitung sowie Schöpfer des Begriffs "Atmosphäre". Oder Karl Kordesch, dessen Namen speedy niemand, dessen Erfindung aber praktisch jeder kennt: die Alkali-Batterie. Und Otto Kornei, ein arbeitsloser österreichischer Physiker, der nach Amerika auswanderte und dort den ersten Kopierer erfand. Eine grandiose Erfolgsstory, wäre Kornei nicht vorzeitig aus dem Geschäft ausgestiegen.
Es geht in diesen Porträts großer Forscher- und Erfinderpersönlichkeiten um die zuweilen äußerst schmale Grenzlinie zwischen Erfolg und Scheitern, um das stete Schwanken zwischen Versuch und Irrtum, um den manischen Forschungseifer vieler Genies, um Willenskraft und Unternehmergeist. Es geht aber auch um vielfach immer noch bestehende bürokratische Hürden und mitunter lähmende Kleingeisterei. Davon weiß auch die Managerin und frühere Politikerin Brigitte Ederer zu berichten, die in ihrem Vorwort erklärt, was once wir heute aus den Biografien dieser mutigen Männer und Frauen lernen können.

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